Thursday, May 21, 2020

A Comparison Of Alternative Energy Sources - 2550 Words

Amjed Hallak Dr. Johnson E110/Period 5 4 February 2015 A Comparison of Alternative Energy Sources: The Need for a Change Energy is everywhere. Energy makes your car move, powers your electronic devices, and makes a bulb give off light. Where does almost all of this energy come from? Currently, fossil fuels are used to provide for 82% of the United States’ energy demand (Bradley et al.). The world is powered heavily upon a highly limited source known as fossil fuels. The world’s main sources of these fuels are being heavily deprived of. What will happen once these deposits become fully deprived of oil? The world will fall into turmoil unless we switch to an alternative source of energy as soon as possible. Alternative sources of energy are typically more expensive, although the resources are more reliable and green. Along with reliability, with modern advancements in technology, those alternative energy sources have the potential to take over the need for fossil fuels and become far less expensive to harness and utilize. The utilization of these alternative energy sou rces would not only fix the issues regarding the Middle East and having to rely on their harnessing of oil, but also many modern economic problems that are caused by this need for oil from the Middle East. What exactly is oil? Pure extracted oil is known as crude oil, which is a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons. The crude oil is then processed through the breaking of those hydrocarbon particles intoShow MoreRelatedA Comparison Of Alternative Energy Sources2756 Words   |  12 PagesFebruary 2015 A Comparison of Alternative Energy Sources: The Need for a Change Against The Clock Energy runs everything. Energy makes your cars move, powers electronic devices, and makes light bulbs give emit light. Where does almost all of this energy come from? Currently, standard fossil fuels provide for 82% of the United States’ energy demand (Bradley et al.). Many people depend on power from a highly limited source of energy known as fossil fuels. The world’s main sources of these fuelsRead MoreNuclear Energy As A Power Source1322 Words   |  6 PagesThe choice of whether or not to use nuclear energy as a power source is admittedly a controversial one. When people think about nuclear energy it can often be from a negative point of view. People are concerned about nuclear energy, perhaps even rightfully so, because of the potential for deadly accidents to occur, the generation of toxic radioactive waste, and release of radiation into the environment if such waste is improperly stored. However, many consider these concerns to be overly exaggerate dRead MoreNuclear Power And Nuclear Energy1491 Words   |  6 Pagesthe world are being consumed too much. Therefore, the world must seek any alternative resources to cover the natural resources. Nuclear energy is one of the most important alternative resources that the world can be used for. However, when the term â€Å"nuclear power† gets used usually the first thing that comes to mind for most people is about the bomb, war, negative effects and many more. However, almost all the nuclear energy we use today comes in the form of electricity, which is not dangerous. PeopleRead MoreEssay on Geothermal Energy1047 Words   |  5 PagesThroughout the years electricity has become a source of energy that cannot seem to be replaced; however there are many different alternatives to this source of energy. One specific alternative is geothermal energy, which might be just as effective as electricity, but much less harmful to the environment. Electricity, although very helpful, produc es fuels that might be harming not only our world, but our human society. To power electricity we must use fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gasRead MoreGreen Energy is a Substitute Energy Source1720 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction â€Å"Green† (or alternative) energy is a substitute energy source for fossil fuels. Alternative energy is interchangeable with Renewable energy since the sources that are generated are natural and cannot be exhausted, all of which have minimal environmental impact. Alternative energy sources include solar power, which is acquired from the sun; wind power; water energy, which produces hydroelectricity; and biomass energy, which comes from plants. Due to these sources being free and causingRead MoreEconomic Viability973 Words   |  4 Pagesviability of alternatives, respond to various political influences, as well as cater to their growing populations. This complicates the issue and makes it unlikely that we will see any significant unified efforts anytime soon. Converting from a widely used energy source can an expensive endeavor. One must consider the costs of establishing the new infrastructure to support the energy source. Despite these high startup costs, most subsidies are offered for established non-renewable forms of energy. In factRead MoreA Common Misconception Of Fossil Fuels1317 Words   |  6 Pages Intro Although there is a common misconception that fossil fuels will cause pollution, mankind should rely on fossil fuels for energy not only because they are cheap and plentiful, but also because alternative energy is very unreliable. Coal $0.10 Natural Gas $0.07 Nuclear $0.095 Wind $0.20 Solar PV $0.125 Solar Thermal $0.24 Fossil Fuels are cheap and plentiful. Coal costs 10 cents per kilowatt hour compared to the 12 cents to 24 cents of solar panelsRead MoreRenewable Energy : The Beneficial Option For The Future !1227 Words   |  5 PagesRenewable energy; the beneficial option for the future! The threat of global warming is influencing people to become â€Å"greener,† turning to renewable energy options which are often referred to as alternative energy. Renewable energy refers to energy that does not come from burning of fossil fuels or pollutant infused methods to provide energy. It is the harnessing of natural resources that are constantly renewable such as sunlight for solar panels and wind for wind turbines, just to name two (LambRead MoreWhat Are The Industrial Uses For Diesel?1434 Words   |  6 PagesWhat are the industrial uses for diesel? Diesel is used commonly as the fuel for motor vehicles like cars, SUVs, trucks, and buses. It is also a source of fuel in other industries besides transportation, like the construction industry and the use of diesel in power equipment such as forklifts and excavators, and it is used in the agriculture industry powering the tractors and other farming equipment, along with other industries. How good is diesel fuel for you or the environment? Are there concernsRead MoreSearch for an Alternative Fuel Source for Automobiles1645 Words   |  7 PagesSearch for an Alternative Fuel Source for Automobiles Since it’s invention and birth in 1886 automobiles have influenced the world in a huge way. It saved people a lot of energy, time and money. Motorized wagons replaced horse carriages and within a few decades Ford started making affordable models of cars with higher efficiency, which revolutionized the concept of transportation. The first ever car that was built was powered by steam. But with development in science and technology other efficient

Monday, May 18, 2020

The United States Of America And Spain Essay - 1350 Words

The late 1800s was a high-tension and tumultuous time for both the United States of America and Spain. Spanish Colonialism had long been receding from its once powerful stronghold in the 16th and 17th centuries, and in the 1890s, the United States would make certain to diminish the last of Spain’s outlets. The precedent for the American, superpower perspective of the late 1800s is in large part due to President James Monroe’s Doctrine establishing the United States as the sole entity of social, political, and economic interest in the Western Hemisphere. The Monroe Doctrine clearly spells out that any territorial advances (or in this case, any territorial claims, whatsoever) would be recognized as an act of aggression and the U.S. would act accordingly (hint, hint – war). This document shaped the United States as the sole enforcer of both commerce and democracy in the Western Hemisphere in the minds of its constituents. Thusly, it is the least bit unusual to see P resident McKinley asking to declare war against the Spanish in defense of his country’s interest. President William McKinley’s Declaration of War is written to the Congress of the United States as a plea to go to war in defense of American interests and the Cuban people. The document was written in 1898, and its objective was simple: persuade Congress to allow him to declare war. Although the document may shape William McKinley as a strong proponent of the now called Spanish-American War, he very much wished toShow MoreRelatedWhy Did The United Stated Of America Expand After The 1890 s?1721 Words   |  7 PagesRamirez Mr. Rustigian Period 5 Modern United States History 7 November 2014 Why did the United Stated of America expand after the 1890’s? The mid-1800s through the early 1900s was known as the Age of Imperialism; dominant nations were all contesting to expand their power throughout much of the world. America was looking to expand out to the Pacific a, â€Å"New Manifest Destiny†. America was expanding its trade rapidly obtaining new grounds. In order to gain America as an ally, in 1898 The Cubans triedRead MoreBenefits Of The Spanish Colonization1409 Words   |  6 Pagespeople who came from Spain or from the spanish descendents. These people over the course of hundreds of years, because this specific colonization began hundreds of years ago. Brought upon us many great opportunities and changes for our society today, but one thing in particular are benefits brought by Spanish colonizations. In this essay the reader will learn about what benefits exactly were brought by Spanish Colonization and how some of these benefits, benefit The United States today. So let thisRead MoreThe Rise Of America s Power1540 Words   |  7 PagesFrom 1877 to the current year of 2015, America has transformed from a country ravaged by internal conflict into a global superpower. Many key moments in history come into play to highlight the rise of America’s power. The Industrial Revolution began the steady rise of America. Through major substantial events, such as: the Spanish-American War, World War I, the Cold War, and the introduction of a New World Order, America made a remarkable surge towards becoming the global superpower that it is todayRead MoreLouisiana Purchase1368 Words   |  6 PagesLouisiana territory, which was a third of the land for the new nation we call America, was purchased from France for fifteen million dollars. This helped fund Napoleon’s war against Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson made this decision because Jefferson did not want any other nation ruling in that territory, because Jefferson did not want to feel threatened with natives from the new land and France trying to take over America. Another reason for this decision was because Congress pressed Jefferson toRead MoreThe Spanish American War Essay894 Words   |  4 Pagesshort-lived conflict between the United States and Spain in 1898. This war was a pretext for the Philippines War. During this time period Spain had control over several territories within the Caribbean because they were still a colonial power. Although Spain had control of the territories of Cuba and the Philippines, the inhabitants began to grow more and more rebellious as time passed. With the tension building between Spain and its territories, the United States was in a position to become theirRead MorePros And Cons Of The United States Annex974 Words   |  4 PagesWinning is simple, well not in all cases. In 1898 there was war between Spain and the United States. The United States won and became proud and excited. Suddenly the U.S became a major world power. In 1898 there was a conference that was held in Paris, which was a peace treaty. Since America had won the war against Spain it had three choices hand back the islands to Spain, give the Philippines their independence, or annex the Philippines under some sort of American government. On February 6th, 1899Read MoreEssay on Importance of Setting in Benito Cereno963 Words   |  4 PagesSouth America. The only representative of America is Captain Delano, a naive man that views the world as kind and benevolent, and where things cannot go too far beyond what they seem like on the surface. Here the inquisitive reader would ask himself: If the story is written by an American author, who is writing about a controversial American issue of its time, would it not seem most logical to place the story on American soil? The possible explanations as to why Melville chose South America to beRead MoreThe Age Of Exploration By Christopher Columbus1358 Words   |  6 Pagesworld that they colonized was Latin America. Spain was the first to colonize, and the United States started to take interest in Latin America towards the 19th century. Europe and The United States both took interest in Latin America, but for different reasons. Spain was the first European nation to colonize Latin America, beginning with Christopher Columbus voyage in 1492. Columbus conquered Hispaniola, an island in the Caribbean Sea. A few decades later, Spain sent Hernando Cortez to conquer theRead MoreSpanish American War : The Spanish War720 Words   |  3 PagesSpanish-American War was in 1898. It was an issue between the United States and Spain. The war began in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895. Spain’s harsh measures to stop the rebellion were represented for the U.S. public by many newspapers, and American sympathy for the rebels rose. Spain announced an armistice on April 9 and speeded up its new program. Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25thRead MoreThe American War Of 18981372 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout the history of America, individuals have been exploring the frontier, broadening horizons, and pushing boundaries. During the eighteenth century, Americans set out to settle the western frontier, ingrained within them the idea of manifest destiny, which stated that the United States was destined to stretch from coast to coast. Individuals began to migrate west in droves, rapidly expanding the United States until they reached the Pacific. In 1890, the Census Bureau declared that the frontier

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Importance Of Reading Poetry - 1158 Words

When we hear the word â€Å"poetry† it often triggers associated thoughts we relate to poetry. Throughout history poetry had been a major influence of every art movement and is known to capture emotions better than any other art form. As an introduction to the arts culture, Once a person is comfortable with reading poetry they begin to reach out and explore other art forms. The appreciation of any art requires the same critical thinking and emotional awareness as poetry, making poetry a great first step toward enlightenment. Poetry has been known to unite readers and writers all over the world. While developing empathy poetry can trigger memories and to read poetry a reader must engage his feelings to receive the full effect. Discovering†¦show more content†¦God’s use of Hebrew poetry to reveal himself suggests the beauty and importance which should be drawn from not only poetry but God acknowledges all art forms.Approximately one third of the Old Testament is written in poetry. Many scholars consider the Book of Job to be not only thee greatest poem in the Old Testament but also one of the greatest poems in all of literature. Notable poets such as Walt Whitman became first recognized during the American Civil War. Poetry has made a major impact on civilizations during times of war and dispute. Poetry has become an outlet for â€Å"war poets† to recap on their experiences during time served in the war and express their thoughts. Once readers are moved by what conditions during a war really consist of and how devastating it can be more people were rally for peace and became united in their quest to end the war.Family members of fallen soldiers have found a sense of comfort from keeping the poems that were written by their relatives as a way of remembrance. During the war many written poems were published in newspapers making them widely available to more enthusiast. While war pamphlet hid the horror and distorted reality; war poem s shed light on the truth a informed many of the brutality of others experiences raising awareness and joining more in the anti war community. Medically, poetry has been proven have benefits as well. Memorizing lines of poetry can help reduce the effects of Alzheimers disease. ByShow MoreRelated Youth And Poetry Essay742 Words   |  3 PagesYouth and Poetry nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Poetry by definition is the art of writing that shows more imagination and deep feeling that ordinary speech. Poetry is a set of sensual words with deep meaning, but for some reason young people do not appreciate it. Hugh Maclennan states, quot;For without poetry these youths were poor.; He was referring to a group of teenagers he encountered, but this statement can be directed to the majority of youths today. Poetry is dead in our lives, and withoutRead MoreEssay about The Collected Poems of WB Yeats1619 Words   |  7 PagesYeats, B. William. The Collected Poems of WB Yeats. New York: Macmillan, 1996. 318 The importance of this book is that it contains some of the works of poetry which were carried out by William Yeats. Arguably, the most salient feature in the book is the attempt at portraying the shift that characterized Yeats in his work, so that his works are arranged almost chronologically to underscore this standpoint. Works that depict him as a bard of the Celtic Twilight, reviving Rosicrucian symbols and legendsRead MoreUse Of Language For Aesthetic Purposes Essay1400 Words   |  6 PagesPoetry is the use and manipulation of language for esthetic purposes. My interpretation of poetry is understanding that normally poesy’s intention is to engage both the author and audience in perceiving an emotion or idea. This is a form of prose that is unlike the ordinary composition of the human language. Some say poetry transcends other forms of writing because it’s qualities can be interactive. Others say because poetry morphs the linguistic characteristics of language an d can be difficult toRead MoreMimesis: Plato and Aristotle1536 Words   |  7 Pagesnegative predispositions on imitative poetry. Plato writes: â€Å"...poetry... not admitting at all any part of it that is imitative. For that the imitative... must not be admitted looks... even more manifest now that the soul’s forms have each been separated out... All such things seem to maim the thought of those who hear them and do not as a remedy have the knowledge of how they really are.† This seems to suggest that under Plato’s perfect society, imitative poetry should not be allowed because it isRead MorePoem Analysis : Ride Bus By Ruth Foreman And Making It935 Words   |  4 Pages Poetry is one of the most significant aspects in English literature. Understanding it’s features and importance in people s lives is vital. This study will briefly discuss six poems before analyzing the poems titled introduction to poetry by Billy Collins, Poetry should ride a bus by Ruth Foreman and Making it in Poetry by Bob Hicok. The six poems written by different authors are similar yet different in some ways. The first similarity is the fact that the poems use different poetic devices toRead MoreRule Analysis : Poetry By Poetry1353 Words   |  6 PagesRule Analysis: Poetry Introduction Poetry is a genre that expresses feeling through rhythm and tone, while creating a realistic vision of what the poet is imagining. Poems can either be short or could be lengthy, but they all have a meaning to them. A poem is often read for its message that it carries. The message is usually hidden in the context of the poem. Poetry is difficult because its language that is used is often indirect with the reader. There is no limit of subjects that can be used inRead MoreThe Picture Of Dorian Gray- One Of My Favourite Novels- Wilde1338 Words   |  6 Pagesfind the way in which literature can both present and challenge the context and culture which it was written in fascinating. This is especially apparent both within the texts I have been studying for A-level Literature and my own personal further reading. Especially, texts which challenge the social norms of their time are particularly fascinating to me. In The Picture of Dorian Gray- one of my favourite novels- Wilde demonstrates the contrast between the supposed high morality in Victorian societyRead MoreI Am the World1431 Words   |  6 PagesI will make a close reading of the poem. I will proceed by using English, but will focus on the original Filipino text. Later I shall attempt to translate my analysis to Filipino as a contribution to Filipino Intellectual consciousness. â€Å"Ako ang daigdig† comes in the form of a declaration spoken in the first person, with the persona describing him/herself. Among the descriptions the speaker attributes to him/herself are â€Å"daigdig† (â€Å"the world†) and â€Å"tula† (â€Å"the poem† or â€Å"poetry†). We thus begin toRead MoreWilliam Wordsworth s The Preface923 Words   |  4 Pages Throughout history, at least until the late 1700s, poetry had always been centered on specific guidelines that one must follow when expressing their feelings. However, once the late 1700s came around in Europe, there was a sudden shift in the idealized poetry construction. The main reason for this revolution was the publication of William Wordsworth’s â€Å"The Preface,† which was a part of the Lyrical Ballads, in which he stated his exact intentions for the Romantic Period of literature. This periodRead MoreWilliam Wordsworth and his not so Spontaneous Overflow of Powerful Changes in â€Å"I wandered lonely as1600 Words   |  7 PagesOverflow of Powerful Changes in â€Å"I wandered lonely as a cloud.† William Wordsworth wrote that â€Å"all good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feeling: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquillity† (Owen, 329). Wordsworth revised â€Å"I wandered lonely as a cloud† after a period of reflection and recollection on the scene of daffodils during a time that placed importance on nature, reflection and imagination. His revised version of â€Å"I wandered lonely as a cloud† should be considered

The Native Americans And Merchants - 1305 Words

From Trading to Disaster Through reading this book I have discovered how well the Native Americans and merchants actually got along, early on. The Natives in the coastal villages had started trading with merchants early on in primitive, yet intelligent ways. Giovanni da Verrazzano reported, â€Å"They sent us what they wanted to give us on a rope continually shouting to us not to approach the land.† (Cronon 83) He also reported how the Native Americans would only meet them on very rocky tracts of coast where they could not land. Was this lack of trust warranted, or just foolish woe? According to Verrazzano, â€Å"No greater good could come to them than to have our friendship.† (Cronon 83) This suggest that the merchants, and colonists, want to†¦show more content†¦The early relations with the natives were a mix of cooperation and conflict. This goes back to Verrazzano reporting that the natives were willing to trade with them, but were not willing to put their trust in the Europeans. Then on the other end of the spectrum, we have Powhatan. He wanted to absorb the Europeans into their own ways through hospitality and gifts. â€Å"By 1609, [he] realized that the English intended to stay. Moreover, he was disappointed that the English did not return his hospitality nor would they marry Indian women (an affront from the Native perspective).† (Colonial Settlement) After this realization, the natives began attacking European settlements in an attempt to drive them out. Powhatan knew that the Europeans were there to stay and was sure that they were going to be pushed out of their land, so he arranged for his daughter, Pocahontas, to marry John Rolfe. This marriage helped the relations between the two groups for the time being. This false sense of security let the Europeans expand their settlements farther up the James River. This also made the settlers more vulnerable to attacks from the natives. A truce seemed like a great idea, but all it did was force the conflict to build up. As time went on many of the settlers avoided the Indians all together. This forced the natives to start trade with the French

The Host Chapter 11 Dehydrated Free Essays

string(93) " and fanned my shirt out from my body; it moved as stiffly as cardboard with the dried salt\." Okay! You were right, you were right!† I said the words out loud. There was no one around to hear me. Melanie wasn’t saying â€Å"I told you so. We will write a custom essay sample on The Host Chapter 11: Dehydrated or any similar topic only for you Order Now † Not in so many words. But I could feel the accusation in her silence. I was still unwilling to leave the car, though it was useless to me now. When the gas ran out, I had let it roll forward with the remaining momentum until it took a nosedive into a shallow gorge-a thick rivulet cut by the last big rain. Now I stared out the windshield at the vast, vacant plain and felt my stomach twist with panic. We have to move, Wanderer. It’s only going to get hotter. If I hadn’t wasted more than a quarter of a tank of gas stubbornly pushing on to the very base of the second landmark-only to find that the third milestone was no longer visible from that vantage and to have to turn around and backtrack-we would have been so much farther down this sandy wash, so much closer to our next goal. Thanks to me, we were going to have to travel on foot now. I loaded the water, one bottle at a time, into the pack, my motions unnecessarily deliberate; I added the remaining granola bars just as slowly. All the while, Melanie ached for me to hurry. Her impatience made it hard to think, hard to concentrate on anything. Like what was going to happen to us. C’mon, c’mon, c’mon, she chanted until I lurched, stiff and awkward, out of the car. My back throbbed as I straightened up. It hurt from sleeping so contorted last night, not from the weight of the pack; the pack wasn’t that heavy when I used my shoulders to lift it. Now cover the car, she instructed, picturing me ripping thorny branches from the nearby creosotes and palo verdes and draping them over the silver top of the car. â€Å"Why?† Her tone implied that I was quite stupid for not understanding. So no one finds us. But what if I want to be found? What if there’s nothing out here but heat and dirt? We have no way to get home! Home? she questioned, throwing cheerless images at me: the vacant apartment in San Diego, the Seeker’s most obnoxious expression, the dot that marked Tucson on the map†¦ a brief, happier flash of the red canyon that slipped in by accident. Where would that be? I turned my back on the car, ignoring her advice. I was in too far already. I wasn’t going to give up all hope of return. Maybe someone would find the car and then find me. I could easily and honestly explain what I was doing here to any rescuer: I was lost. I’d lost my way†¦ lost my control†¦ lost my mind. I followed the wash at first, letting my body fall into its natural long-strided rhythm. It wasn’t the way I walked on the sidewalks to and from the university-it wasn’t my walk at all. But it fit the rugged terrain here and moved me smoothly forward with a speed that surprised me until I got used to it. â€Å"What if I hadn’t come this way?† I wondered as I walked farther into the desert waste. â€Å"What if Healer Fords were still in Chicago? What if my path hadn’t taken us so close to them?† It was that urgency, that lure-the thought that Jared and Jamie might be right here, somewhere in this empty place-that had made it impossible to resist this senseless plan. I’m not sure, Melanie admitted. I think I might still have tried, but I was afraid while the other souls were near. I’m still afraid. Trusting you could kill them both. We flinched together at the thought. But being here, so close†¦ It seemed like I had to try. Please-and suddenly she was pleading with me, begging me, no trace of resentment in her thoughts-please don’t use this to hurt them. Please. â€Å"I don’t want to†¦ I don’t know if I can hurt them. I’d rather†¦Ã¢â‚¬  What? Die myself? Than give a few stray humans up to the Seekers? Again we flinched at the thought, but my revulsion at the idea comforted her. And it frightened me more than it soothed her. When the wash started angling too far toward the north, Melanie suggested that we forget the flat, ashen path and take the direct line to the third landmark, the eastern spur of rock that seemed to point, fingerlike, toward the cloudless sky. I didn’t like leaving the wash, just as I’d resisted leaving the car. I could follow this wash all the way back to the road, and the road back to the highway. It was miles and miles, and it would take me days to traverse, but once I stepped off this wash I was officially adrift. Have faith, Wanderer. We’ll find Uncle Jeb, or he’ll find us. If he’s still alive, I added, sighing and loping off my simple path into the brush that was identical in every direction. Faith isn’t a familiar concept for me. I don’t know that I buy into it. Trust, then? In who? You? I laughed. The hot air baked my throat when I inhaled. Just think, she said, changing the subject, maybe we’ll see them by tonight. The yearning belonged to us both; the image of their faces, one man, one child, came from both memories. When I walked faster, I wasn’t sure that I was completely in command of the motion. It did get hotter-and then hotter, and then hotter still. Sweat plastered my hair to my scalp and made my pale yellow T-shirt cling unpleasantly wherever it touched. In the afternoon, scorching gusts of wind kicked up, blowing sand in my face. The dry air sucked the sweat away, crusted my hair with grit, and fanned my shirt out from my body; it moved as stiffly as cardboard with the dried salt. You read "The Host Chapter 11: Dehydrated" in category "Essay examples" I kept walking. I drank water more often than Melanie wanted me to. She begrudged me every mouthful, threatening me that we would want it much more tomorrow. But I’d already given her so much today that I was in no mood to listen. I drank when I was thirsty, which was most of the time. My legs moved me forward without any thought on my part. The crunching rhythm of my steps was background music, low and tedious. There was nothing to see; one twisted, brittle shrub looked exactly the same as the next. The empty homogeny lulled me into a sort of daze-I was only really aware of the shape of the mountains’ silhouettes against the pale, bleached sky. I read their outlines every few steps, till I knew them so well I could have drawn them blindfolded. The view seemed frozen in place. I constantly whipped my head around, searching for the fourth marker-a big dome-shaped peak with a missing piece, a curved absence scooped from its side that Melanie had only shown me this morning-as if the perspective would have changed from my last step. I hoped this last clue was it, because we’d be lucky to get that far. But I had a sense that Melanie was keeping more from me, and our journey’s end was impossibly distant. I snacked on my granola bars through the afternoon, not realizing until it was too late that I’d finished the last one. When the sun set, the night descended with the same speed as it had yesterday. Melanie was prepared, already scouting out a place to stop. Here, she told me. We’ll want to stay as far from the cholla as possible. You toss in your sleep. I eyed the fluffy-looking cactus in the failing light, so thick with bone-colored needles that it resembled fur, and shuddered. You want me to just sleep on the ground? Right here? You see another option? She felt my panic, and her tone softened, as if with pity. Look-it’s better than the car. At least it’s flat. It’s too hot for any critters to be attracted to your body heat and – â€Å"Critters?† I demanded aloud. â€Å"Critters?† There were brief, very unpleasant flashes of deadly-looking insects and coiled serpents in her memories. Don’t worry. She tried to soothe me as I arched up on my tiptoes, away from anything that might be hiding in the sand below, my eyes searching the blackness for some escape. Nothing’s going to bother you unless you bother it first. After all, you’re bigger than anything else out here. Another flash of memory, this time a medium-size canine scavenger, a coyote, flitted through our thoughts. â€Å"Perfect,† I moaned, sinking down into a crouch, though I was still afraid of the black ground beneath me. â€Å"Killed by wild dogs. Who would have thought it would end so†¦ so trivially? How anticlimactic. The claw beast on the Mists Planet, sure. At least there’d be some dignity in being taken down by that.† Melanie’s answering tone made me picture her rolling her eyes. Stop being a baby. Nothing is going to eat you. Now lie down and get some rest. Tomorrow will be harder than today. â€Å"Thanks for the good news,† I grumbled. She was turning into a tyrant. It made me think of the human axiom Give him an inch and he’ll take a mile. But I was more exhausted than I realized, and as I settled unwillingly to the ground, I found it impossible not to slump down on the rough, gravelly dirt and let my eyes close. It seemed like just minutes later when the morning dawned, blindingly bright and already hot enough to have me sweating. I was crusted in dirt and rocks when I woke; my right arm was pinned under me and had lost feeling. I shook out the tingles and then reached into my pack for some water. Melanie did not approve, but I ignored her. I looked for the half-empty bottle I’d last drunk from, rummaging through the fulls and empties until I began to see a pattern. With a slowly growing sense of alarm, I started counting. I counted twice. There were two more empties than there were fulls. I’d already used up more than half my water supply. I told you that you were drinking too much. I didn’t answer her, but I pulled the pack on without taking a drink. My mouth felt horrible, dry and sandy and tasting of bile. I tried to ignore that, tried to stop running my sandpaper tongue over my gritty teeth, and started walking. My stomach was harder to ignore than my mouth as the sun rose higher and hotter above me. It twisted and contracted at regular intervals, anticipating meals that didn’t appear. By afternoon, the hunger had gone from uncomfortable to painful. This is nothing, Melanie reminded me wryly. We’ve been hungrier. You have, I retorted. I didn’t feel like being an audience to her endurance memories right now. I was beginning to despair when the good news came. As I swung my head across the horizon with a routine, halfhearted movement, the bulbous shape of the dome jumped out at me from the middle of a northern line of small peaks. The missing part was only a faint indentation from this vantage point. Close enough, Melanie decided, as thrilled as I was to be making some progress. I turned north eagerly, my steps lengthening. Keep a lookout for the next. She remembered another formation for me, and I started craning my head around at once, though I knew it was useless to search for it this early. It would be to the east. North and then east and then north again. That was the pattern. The lift of finding another milestone kept me moving despite the growing weariness in my legs. Melanie urged me on, chanting encouragements when I slowed, thinking of Jared and Jamie when I turned apathetic. My progress was steady, and I waited till Melanie okayed each drink, even though the inside of my throat felt as though it was blistering. I had to admit that I was proud of myself for being so tough. When the dirt road appeared, it seemed like a reward. It snaked toward the north, the direction I was already headed, but Melanie was skittish. I don’t like the look of it, she insisted. The road was just a sallow line through the scrub, defined only by its smoother texture and lack of vegetation. Ancient tire tracks made a double depression, centered in the single lane. When it goes the wrong way, we’ll leave it. I was already walking down the middle of the tracks. It’s easier than weaving through the creosote and watching out for cholla. She didn’t answer, but her unease made me feel a little paranoid. I kept up my search for the next formation-a perfect M, two matching volcanic points-but I also watched the desert around me more carefully than before. Because I was paying extra attention, I noticed the gray smudge in the distance long before I could make out what it was. I wondered if my eyes were playing tricks on me and blinked against the dust that clouded them. The color seemed wrong for a rock, and the shape too solid for a tree. I squinted into the brightness, making guesses. Then I blinked again, and the smudge suddenly jumped into a structured shape, closer than I’d been thinking. It was some kind of house or building, small and weathered to a dull gray. Melanie’s spike of panic had me dancing off the narrow lane and into the dubious cover of the barren brush. Hold on, I told her. I’m sure it’s abandoned. How do you know? She was holding back so hard that I had to concentrate on my feet before I could move them forward. Who would live out here? We souls live for society. I heard the bitter edge to my explanation and knew it was because of where I now stood-physically and metaphorically in the middle of nowhere. Why did I no longer belong to the society of souls? Why did I feel like I didn’t†¦ like I didn’t want to belong? Had I ever really been a part of the community that was meant to be my own, or was that the reason behind my long line of lives lived in transience? Had I always been an aberration, or was this something Melanie was making me into? Had this planet changed me, or revealed me for what I already was? Melanie had no patience for my personal crisis-she wanted me to get far away from that building as fast as possible. Her thoughts yanked and twisted at mine, pulling me out of my introspection. Calm down, I ordered, trying to focus my thoughts, to separate them from hers. If there is anything that actually lives here, it would be human. Trust me on this; there is no such thing as a hermit among souls. Maybe your Uncle Jeb – She rejected that thought harshly. No one could survive out in the open like this. Your kind would have searched any habitation thoroughly. Whoever lived here ran or became one of you. Uncle Jeb would have a better hiding place. And if whoever lived here became one of us, I assured her, then they left this place. Only a human would live this way†¦ I trailed off, suddenly afraid, too. What? She reacted strongly to my fright, freezing us in place. She scanned my thoughts, looking for something I’d seen to upset me. But I’d seen nothing new. Melanie, what if there are humans out here-not Uncle Jeb and Jared and Jamie? What if someone else found us? She absorbed the idea slowly, thinking it through. You’re right. They’d kill us immediately. Of course. I tried to swallow, to wash the taste of terror from my dry mouth. There won’t be anyone else. How could there be? she reasoned. Your kind are far too thorough. Only someone already in hiding would have had a chance. So let’s go check it out-you’re sure there are none of you, and I’m sure there are none of me. Maybe we can find something helpful, something we can use as a weapon. I shuddered at her thoughts of sharp knives and long metal tools that could be turned into clubs. No weapons. Ugh. How did such spineless creatures beat us? Stealth and superior numbers. Any one of you, even your young, is a hundred times as dangerous as one of us. But you’re like one termite in an anthill. There are millions of us, all working together in perfect harmony toward our goal. Again, as I described the unity, I felt the dragging sense of panic and disorientation. Who was I? We kept to the creosote as we approached the little structure. It looked to be a house, just a small shack beside the road, with no hint at all of any other purpose. The reason for its location here was a mystery-this spot had nothing to offer but emptiness and heat. There was no sign of recent habitation. The door frame gaped, doorless, and only a few shards of glass clung to the empty window frames. Dust gathered on the threshold and spilled inside. The gray weathered walls seemed to lean away from the wind, as if it always blew from the same direction here. I was able to contain my anxiety as I walked hesitantly to the vacant door frame; we must be just as alone here as we had been all day and all yesterday. The shade the dark entry promised drew me forward, trumping my fears with its appeal. I still listened intently, but my feet moved ahead with swift, sure steps. I darted through the doorway, moving quickly to one side so as to have a wall at my back. This was instinctual, a product of Melanie’s scavenging days. I stood frozen there, unnerved by my blindness, waiting for my eyes to adjust. The little shack was empty, as we’d known it would be. There were no more signs of occupation inside than out. A broken table slanted down from its two good legs in the middle of the room, with one rusted metal chair beside it. Patches of concrete showed through big holes in the worn, grimy carpet. A kitchenette lined the wall with a rusted sink, a row of cabinets-some doorless-and a waist-high refrigerator that hung open, revealing its moldy black insides. A couch frame sat against the far wall, all the cushions gone. Still mounted above the couch, only a little crooked, was a framed print of dogs playing poker. Homey, Melanie thought, relieved enough to be sarcastic. It’s got more decor than your apartment. I was already moving for the sink. Dream on, Melanie added helpfully. Of course it would be wasteful to have water running to this secluded place; the souls managed details like that better than to leave such an anomaly behind. I still had to twist the ancient knobs. One broke off in my hand, rusted through. I turned to the cupboards next, kneeling on the nasty carpet to peek carefully inside. I leaned away as I opened the door, afraid I might be disturbing one of the venomous desert animals in its lair. The first was empty, backless, so that I could see the wooden slats of the outside wall. The next had no door, but there was a stack of antique newspapers inside, covered with dust. I pulled one out, curious, shaking the dirt to the dirtier floor, and read the date. From human times, I noted. Not that I needed a date to tell me that. â€Å"Man Burns Three-Year-Old Daughter to Death,† the headline screamed at me, accompanied by a picture of an angelic blond child. This wasn’t the front page. The horror detailed here was not so hideous as to rate priority coverage. Beneath this was the face of a man wanted for the murders of his wife and two children two years before the print date; the story was about a possible sighting of the man in Mexico. Two people killed and three injured in a drunk-driving accident. A fraud and murder investigation into the alleged suicide of a prominent local banker. A suppressed confession setting an admitted child molester free. House pets found slaughtered in a trash bin. I cringed, shoving the paper away from me, back into the dark cupboard. Those were the exceptions, not the norm, Melanie thought quietly, trying to keep the fresh horror of my reaction from seeping into her memories of those years and recoloring them. Can you see how we thought we might be able to do better, though? How we could have supposed that maybe you didn’t deserve all the excellent things of this world? Her answer was acidic. If you wanted to cleanse the planet, you could have blown it up. Despite what your science fiction writers dream, we simply don’t have the technology. She didn’t think my joke was funny. Besides, I added, that would have been such a waste. It’s a lovely planet. This unspeakable desert excepted, of course. That’s how we realized you were here, you know, she said, thinking of the sickening news headlines again. When the evening news was nothing but inspiring human-interest stories, when pedophiles and junkies were lining up at the hospitals to turn themselves in, when everything morphed into Mayberry, that’s when you tipped your hand. â€Å"What an awful alteration!† I said dryly, turning to the next cupboard. I pulled the stiff door back and found the mother lode. â€Å"Crackers!† I shouted, seizing the discolored, half-smashed box of Saltines. There was another box behind it, one that looked like someone had stepped on it. â€Å"Twinkies!† I crowed. Look! Melanie urged, pointing a mental finger at three dusty bottles of bleach at the very back of the cupboard. What do you want bleach for? I asked, already ripping into the cracker box. To throw in someone’s eyes? Or to brain them with the bottle? To my delight, the crackers, though reduced to crumbs, were still inside their plastic sleeves. I tore one open and started shaking the crumbs into my mouth, swallowing them half chewed. I couldn’t get them into my stomach fast enough. Open a bottle and smell it, she instructed, ignoring my commentary. That’s how my dad used to store water in the garage. The bleach residue kept the water from growing anything. In a minute. I finished one sleeve of crumbs and started on the next. They were very stale, but compared to the taste in my mouth, they were ambrosia. When I finished the third, I became aware that the salt was burning the cracks in my lips and at the corners of my mouth. I heaved out one of the bleach bottles, hoping Melanie was right. My arms felt weak and noodley, barely able to lift it. This concerned us both. How much had our condition deteriorated already? How much farther would we be able to go? The bottle’s cap was so tight, I wondered if it had melted into place. Finally, though, I was able to twist it off with my teeth. I sniffed at the opening carefully, not especially wanting to pass out from bleach fumes. The chemical scent was very faint. I sniffed deeper. It was water, definitely. Stagnant, musty water, but water all the same. I took a small mouthful. Not a fresh mountain stream, but wet. I started guzzling. Easy there, Melanie warned me, and I had to agree. We’d lucked into this cache, but it made no sense to squander it. Besides, I wanted something solid now that the salt burn had eased. I turned to the box of Twinkies and licked three of the smooshed-up cakes from the inside of the wrappers. The last cupboard was empty. As soon as the hunger pangs had eased slightly, Melanie’s impatience began to leak into my thoughts. Feeling no resistance this time, I quickly loaded my spoils into my pack, pitching the empty water bottles into the sink to make room. The bleach jugs were heavy, but theirs was a comforting weight. It meant I wouldn’t stretch out to sleep on the desert floor thirsty and hungry again tonight. With the sugar energy beginning to buzz through my veins, I loped back out into the bright afternoon. How to cite The Host Chapter 11: Dehydrated, Essay examples

Cuban Missile Crissis Essay Research Paper The free essay sample

Cuban Missile Crissis Essay, Research Paper The Cuban Missile Crisis by Tim Seigel History period 7 December 11, 1998 Back in 1962 most people thought at that place could non be a atomic war. It was a clip occupied by the Cold War. They were incorrect. The U.S.A, Soviet Union, and Cuban states were so close they could experience atomic war take a breathing down their cervixs. The people of the U.S. were so close to being incinerated, and they didn # 8217 ; t even cognize it. The Soviets had such a physique up of missiles in Cuba they could hold wiped-out most of the Continental United States. The physique up of these missiles, and the jobs faced in October of 1962 are known as the Cuban missile Crisis. On October 20 second, 1962, John F. Kennedy, who that flushing revealed the presence of Soviet missiles on Cuba, the crisis was about a weak old. In President Kennedy? s telecasting broadcast, he informed the population that U. We will write a custom essay sample on Cuban Missile Crissis Essay Research Paper The or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page S. surveillance of the Soviet military build-up on the island of Cuba had uncovered a series of violative missile sites now in readying to fire. This declared that the intent of these bases could be none other than to supply a atomic work stoppage capableness against the Western Hemisphere. Kennedy called for a prompt dismantlement and backdown of all violative arms under the United Nations supervising. In one minor facet, Kennedy was mistaken. The Soviet determination merely seemed sudden. Actually taken five months before, it was both a high-stakes gamble and the logical merchandise of sustained aggravation. More significantly, the President misread the Kremlin? s motivations. Deriving a atomic work stoppage capableness was non Khrushev? s merely or chief intent. In Fact, the Soviet leader had persuaded his politburo co-workers that U.S. aggression against Cuba was all excessively likely and could merely be overcome by the installing of the medium-range R-12 ballistic missiles and intermediate-range R-14 ballistic missiles and that specially trained people had to travel Cuba to do them operational. Between October 14th and October 28th 1962 the universe was neer closer to a atomic war, than the events that happened during those 13 yearss of the Cuban missile crisis. In The crisis involved three states, with three leaders. The United States had John F. Kennedy, the Soviet Union had Nikita Khrushchev, and Cuba had Fidel Castro, a dictator over Fulgenico Bftista. These three states are linked together in one of the most astonishing motions in the cold war. ? Throughout the late summer and early fall of 1962, Americans became progressively disturbed at the rapid buildup of Soviet military aid to the Republic of Cuba. The attack of the congressional elections in November merely exacerbated the state of affairs for the Kennedy disposal as Republican senators inflamed the domestic scene by naming for an invasion of Cuba. ? 1 The Soviet Union and Cuba were together against the United States in hope to damage the United States credibleness to other states, and to derive greater influence over Latin America. The state of affairs increased in strength as the authoritiess of the United States and the Soviet Union exchanged hostile statements. The Kremlin indicated that the addition of weaponries and technicians to Cuba was required by the uninterrupted menaces by aggressive imperialist circles with regard to Cuba. On the twenty-fifth of October, U-2 planes took images of the missiles in Cuba. President Kennedy ordered the missiles withdrawn from Cuba, but Khrushchev would non retreat. ? There where five theories as possible grounds for the Soviet emplacement of missiles in Cuba: ( 1 ) Cold war political relations to prove U.S. resoluteness, ( 2 ) a recreation to cover a Soviet move on Berlin, ( 3 ) defence of Cuba to beef up the Soviet Union in a competition with the people? s Republic of China, ( 4 ) purchase for dickering for the backdown of U.S. abroad bases, and ( 5 ) a agency of changing the strategic balance of power. President Kennedy regarded the 3rd and 5th grounds as supplying likely, but deficient motivations for what he considered a drastic and unsafe going from traditional Soviet foreign and myocardial infarction litary policies. ? 2 The United States took an estimation and figured that the Soviets and Cubans could merely hold about 44 sub-launched Polaris missiles and about one-hundred bombers on Cuba, and the United States had one-hundred 56 ICBM missiles ready to travel along with one-hundred 44 sub-launched Polaris missiles and one-thousand three-hundred bombers. ? Commenting on possible Soviet motivations, Taylor Maxwell lists five plausible grounds for the Soviets emplacing missiles in Cuba: ( 1 ) to support Cuba from U.S. invasion, ( 2 ) to increase with a lower limit of Soviet Financial expenditures the coverage of U.S. marks by strategic atomic arms, ( 3 ) to dicker the remotion of Soviet missiles in Cuba for the remotion of U.S. missiles in Turkey and Italy, ( 4 ) to deviate the United States from the defence of Berlin, and ( 5 ) to beef up Khrushchev? s leading in the Soviet Politburo. ? 3 The United States had more missiles and bombers than the Soviet and Cuban forces. After that, during September, President Kennedy increased the agenda of U-2 reconnaissance flights over Cuba. Each of these flights confirmed that their was more and more to detect in Cuba. But that didn’t matter much because the Soviet and Cuban forces already had major metropoliss, including New York and Washington D.C. , targeted with missiles. With these metropoliss targeted the Soviets and Cubans had the power to kill two-hundred-million people a twenty-four hours. One class of action taken was before the crisis, about 20 months before. This was called Bay of Pigs. The invasion started on April 17th 1961 and ended on April nineteenth. The force used for the invasion wasn # 8217 ; t United States soldiers, but about one-thousand five 100 Cuban expatriates. The invasion was unsuccessful because the conveyance ships of the encroachers got caught on seaweed in the bay. Three-hundred of the expatriates were killed and the staying one-thousand two-hundred subsisters were captured. After the crisis, in December of 1962, the United States exchanged $ 53 million worth of U.S. supplies to Cuba for the safe return of the expatriates. Another class of action taken was a full naval encirclement. The encirclement was to coerce the Soviets to take the missiles. The U.S. ships stopped all ships traveling to Cuba to look into for missiles or parts. Besides, so the United States could larn about the state of affairs. President Kennedy? s desire for personal and national prestigiousness dictated his response to the Soviet venture in Cuba. He spurned the normal diplomatic channels in favour of a naval encirclement, an act of war. Rather than present to the Soviet Union and ultimatum in private before the presence of the missiles was of the United States was disclosed to the universe, Kennedy decided to put the prestigiousness of the United States on the line by public confrontation. While Kennedy? s celebrity increased during the crisis by his chase awaying any semblance that the United States would non contend for what it considered its vita involvements, recognition for the declaration of the crisis belongs to Khrushchev. On the twenty-eighth of October, Castro panicked and said he was traveling to hold the missiles fired, Khrushchev thought that was unneeded and gave into U.S. demands. On the 28th Khrushchev ordered the missiles out of Cuba, and the crisis ended without a atomic war. After the crisis was over Kennedy, chose non to state or make anything that might be degrading to Castro, Kennedy didn # 8217 ; t want to mortify him any more. In January of 1991 six of Kennedy # 8217 ; s top AIDSs with Fidel Castro, Rail Castro, and some Russians, met in a conference room in Havana Cuba to discourse the crisis and other issues like: Castro # 8217 ; s attempts to subvert Cardinal American Governments, the Bay of Pigs invasion, and Operation Mongoose. Besides talked about was Cuba # 8217 ; s guerilla preparation on the Aisle of Youth. The conference went good and the issues were better understood afterward. In decision, the Cuban Missile Crisis was a major struggle for the universe, the cold war, and the Soviet, Cuban, and United States. The United States was so close to a atomic war, but had the marbless and encephalons to forestall it. If the crisis did travel atomic opportunities are we wouldn # 8217 ; t be here today.

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Ideology and American Television Analysis of Nip/Tuck Essay Example

Ideology and American Television: Analysis of Nip/Tuck Paper Anything Goes as Long as the System Never Changes Introduction The best form of fantasy is a depiction of what we covet and cannot attain, as mere viewers. As a result, most television series will depict fantasy as a form of entertainment, and it is usually labeled the â€Å"American Dream. † Achieving the American Dream without sacrifice, however, is unrealistic and suggests an ideal in itself. There is always a price to pay to become self-made and successful, and this type of sacrifice becomes be the grounds for a familiar subtext, much like the subtext in the series Nip/Tuck. Incorporating satirical comedic content and ethical dilemmas, the two surgeons around whom the series revolves, each represent their own ideological delivery systems. The two characters often collide, and question the values and importance of the American dream, and of success. Dr. ’s Troy and McNamara each represent polar opposites who use questionable means to an end, and end up representing both a modern approach to television, which involves nihilism and disloyalty to only one ideology, and justifying flexible values as a representation of modern life. Additionally, the Dr. ’s question what the viewer may see as positive, or negative, by corrupting values and ideologies otherwise commonly accepted, such as family, ethical practice, greed and fidelity. Ultimately, however, the plot does not stray far from the norm, no matter how much superficial distraction is incorporated. Blood and gore equal success – the satirical content behind the thirst for glamour and success One of the most shocking, yet consistent themes in Nip/Tuck is the unforgiving visuals of surgical procedures. We will write a custom essay sample on Ideology and American Television: Analysis of Nip/Tuck specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Ideology and American Television: Analysis of Nip/Tuck specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Ideology and American Television: Analysis of Nip/Tuck specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Although it is plastic surgery, the depth in which Nip/Tuck creators go to depict every aspect of these procedures seems to have an impact both on the meaning, and the ideological views the show portrays. Vanity being the most common motivation for plastic surgery, the question posed to the audience is–does this turkey-carving type of surgery really justify the means to becoming a better looking, better feeling person. I think that the reason behind depicting the horror-film style gore may not only be a critical view of plastic surgery, but also contributes to the satirical nature of the show. There is often an ironic musical score in the background as the surgeons begin to slice open faces and torsos, without any hesitation what so ever. This cold disconnect from performing invasive and grueling procedures to vain and vacuous clientele epitomizes the subconscious message of how we, as Americans, view the importance of achieving the dream. Although plastic surgery is seen as somewhat controversial, it is also a type of glamorous privilege associated with American culture. Perhaps rubbing all of the blood and gore in our faces is a way of conveying that message, without shame. We, as viewers, can watch it, and are almost desensitized to it, because it not only embodies what we have already accepted as a natural part of life, but it is also something appealing that symbolizes our consumerist nature. Nothing could be more blatant, in terms of consumerism, than actual physical mutilation, which also happens to be a privilege unattainable to most. This depiction of the shallowest parts of American culture feeds into the â€Å"deceptive notion of how the world works, an ideology favoring the rich and powerful while deluding the majority of the population† (Mittell 276). Surprisingly, however, both the ironic nature of this theme, and the fascination with glamour do not contradict one another. While watching Nip/Tuck, I had expected to find some sort of disgust with the two main characters and disdain for their practice, however, as much as I found some of the irony amusing, I still couldn’t help but be fascinated and even justify some of the surgical procedures being done. After all, plastic surgery and glamour do seem to go hand in hand, and both are directly liked to financial gain. This seems to be a simple equation that equals to the American Dream. However, there is still some sort of imbalance in the message portrayed in Nip/Tuck; the viewer is still confronted with some unsettling and somewhat shocking, outlandish sequences of events depicted. This aspect of the show, as the unthinkable is eased in to the plot, is what forms the satirical nature of Nip/Tuck. There are often controversial and disturbing themes integrated into the plot, which makes it difficult for the audience to comprehend in which way these themes fit into their own cultural context (Mittell 290). Conflict and the American man – family and ethics vs. reedom and deviation In coherence with its ideological representation, both protagonists of Nip/Tuck are male, they are surgeons and, therefore, have to be male. There can be no deviation from the expectations of the viewer, as outrageous as the content of the program may be, the skeletal structure of typical American television ideology remains and gender roles are maintained. Therefor, the ethical quest ions raised in the plot are often related to the audience only via the male protagonist’s perspective. Both protagonists represent both sides of the American male’s conundrum: Dr. McNamara, who is the devoted family man and Dr. Troy who is the irresponsible, philandering playboy. Both, however, seem to constantly be battling with their life choices, and seem to encompass two radical sides of one male character. Furthermore, as the plot progresses, the ideological standards behind each character are questioned, and corrupted. Dr. McNamara, the family man, ends up losing his family and committing the most predictable violation of trust within his marriage, by having an affair with one of his patients. Dr. Troy, the playboy, eventually comes to terms with his inexcusable behavior and maltreatment of women, and tries to compensate for his cruelty by adopting a child. As a viewer I found the message behind this ideological corruption less disturbing then it seemed, superficially. Losing respect for the false values of an ethical man, and gaining respect for those values of the typical violator still did not dissuade me from making the connection to the same values of consumerism and naturalized conformity depicted to begin with. There is no questioning the means to an end when it comes to achieving wealth and success in a world where money can fix anything, even interpersonal problems. This value is precisely the hidden message within the American Dream, because the line between the freedom and amorality can be so easily blurred. As viewers we are demanded to feel empathy toward Dr. Troy, no matter how profound his cruelty towards others is. Dr. Troy is constantly humiliating women, and often humiliating his friends, however all can be forgiven, because, after all, he was molested as a child. Not to mention he does posses extraordinary physical beauty, which also reinforces consumerist, superficial ideologies regarding how we respect and admire a character. Dr. McNamara, on the other hand is constantly struggling with his masculinity; fighting the stigmas that equate ethical behavior to a lack of backbone (commonly known as femininity) and his greed for success and sexual freedom. Ultimately, both characters cannot survive without each other, and they both represent the classical model of conflict depicted with achieving success. The â€Å"Rosebud† effect is often the center of plot culmination throughout Nip/tuck, as Dr. ’s Troy and McNamara are constantly struggling with each other, and with themselves over the sacrifices being made in order to maintain their business, and earning as much money as possible. Both characters are at ease and cooperation in one setting alone–the hunger for cash. Otherwise, Dr. troy will be endlessly envious of Dr. McNamara’s family and intimacy, and Dr. McNamara, on the other hand, will be terminally ridden with jealousy over Dr. Troy’s numerous sexual conquests. Ultimately, any flaw in character and conduct can always be forgiven, as long as the need to succeed is maintained. Dr. McNamara will still be a good provider, and Dr. Troy will always be a loyal partner. They are both self-made men, living the dream. Nothing is ever good enough, and no amount of success is ever sufficient; more sacrifices must be made. This aspect of Nip/Tuck epitomizes, although ironically, the quest for success within televised American culture, and is something viewers can easily identify with. Gender and sexuality – spineless Julia, ballsy Liz and other afflictions of gender based stereotyping As Nip/Tuck revolves endlessly around the imperfections of the human body, and the importance of vanity and superficiality, there is some room for redemption. The anchoring character who humanizes both main characters is Julia, the wife of Dr. McNamara, and the eternal love interest of Dr. Troy. Julia is a housewife with little aspirations other than going to Yoga-Pilates and poorly parenting both of her upper-middle-class, affected children. However, Julia is still a representation of everything that is feminine and maternal, and the cause for much of the two Dr. ’s personal struggles for acceptance. Despite her flaws, both physically and emotionally, Julia seems to be the only thing that can redeem her fellow protagonists. Julia is the shelter in the storm, and, at the same time, represents the frailty of life as she is the only maternal figure in the show and is the mother of both characters’ children. Julia sustains her fellow protagonists’ survival, and can also facilitate their demise. Although she is a pivotal character in the show, and ends up destroying both protagonists by inflicting broken hearts, she is still incapable of emerging as a strong female sub-character. Julia, as a character, is still intrinsically a part of the ongoing ideological theme, and is nothing but a helpless woman in a world of corrupt men. Julia’s role within the show is yet another reinforcement to social constructs within television â€Å"by linking masculinity with a professional role, and femininity with domesticity† (Mittell 331). Julia only really possesses some form of pseudo power over the protagonists, and she never takes advantage of it. Julia always gives up and stays compliant, often so much as to be depicted as a complete flake and lack any true backbone. Julia’s only real claim to personal empowerment comes when she finally leaves Dr. McNamara, and the clutches of her long forbidden flame, Dr. Troy, and runs into the arms of a rich and powerful gay woman, where she once again assumes her role as a housewife. This monotony in Julia’s character, despite some controversial, superficial fluxes, accommodates classic gender role stereotyping in American television. The female role does not end with Julia, however. Julia’s antithesis, Liz, plays a key role in Nip/Tuck as she represents female empowerment, even if only superficially. Liz is an anesthesiologist who works for Dr. ’s Troy and McNamara, and often displays brave and ethical behavior throughout the show. As if by chance, Liz is gay, and therefore is excused for her masculine line of work and strength of character. It seems almost absurd that the only woman with a real sense of self is a slightly masculine, gay woman, thereby not disturbing the equilibrium of televised gender expectations. Once again, conforming to the almost archaic ideology, which is the foundation for the plot of Nip/Tuck. Not only does Liz maintain the gender stereotypes, she is also eventually made to debate her true sexual identity as the series progresses. After assuming the more maternal role later on in the series, and caring for the personal interests of Dr. ’s Troy and McNamara, she eventually succumbs to her sexual desires for Dr. Troy, which, in tern, demolishes her original sexual identity. As if to make her character more palatable to the viewer, she undergoes a process to become a quasi-heterosexual. Ultimately, both main female characters Liz and Julia do nothing but support the portrayal of â€Å"the cultural norms of ideologically ‘proper’ sexual roles at any given cultural moment† (Mittell 340). Conclusion Despite the rigorous use of shocking and unusual scenarios within the Nip/Tuck plot, there is always a comforting conclusion that is based on mainstream ideologies, which seldom differ from classical structuring of American television. Nip/Tuck does include a slew of controversial, cultural concepts, yet the ideology on which the plot is based only offers raditional solutions to all of them. The question of gender equality is addressed, and then carefully dismissed. Women never do prevail as strong influential characters within the series. Even the many attempts to dabble with same-sex relations always concludes with some sort of quasi-heterosexual transformation of the character in question, or just pornography-inspired lesbianism, in which both partner s (Julia and her lover, for example) are beautiful and oversexed. Furthermore, the integrity and ethical responsibilities of both Dr. s is always flexible to the point of amorality. Yet both Dr. ’s seem to bounce back as characters of redeeming qualities, as they still support their roles of patriarchal and success-driven individuals. Like cowboys in an old western movie, the protagonists of Nip/Tuck can go as far as committing crime, as long as they stay true to their cause and win in the end. No amount of character corruption can ever be enough to divert the viewer from the naturalized, unconscious beliefs that stand for televised cultural norms. Due to the unbendable, nonnegotiable foundations of each character and their roots in classic American television norms, no real ideological violation is ever made. Finally, the irony in which Nip/Tuck resorts to in order to establish hints of dark humor is never deep enough to allow true cultural criticism. The backbone of the naturalized ideology is never compromised, and the viewer will never feel too uncomfortable. References: Mittell, Jason. â€Å"Screening America,† â€Å"Representing Identity. †Ã‚  Television and American Culture. New York: Oxford UP, 2010. Print.